PIC16F877A – DC Motor Interfacing

In this tutorial we are going to learn DC Motor Interfacing with PIC16F877A. Let’s run….

Prerequisites

Introduction

When we talk about controlling the robot, the first thing comes into the mind is controlling DC motors. Interfacing DC motor to the microcontroller is very important concept in Robotic applications. By interfacing DC motor to the microcontroller, we can do many things like controlling the direction of the motor, controlling the speed of the motor. This article describes you how to control the DC motor using PIC16F877A controller.

A DC motor in simple words is a device that converts electrical energy (direct current system) into mechanical energy. It is of vital importance for the industry today.

The maximum output current of microcontroller pin is 15mA at 3.3V. But the power requirements of most of DC motors is out of reach of the microcontroller and even the back emf (electro motive force) which is produced by the motor may damage the microcontroller. Hence it is not good to interface DC motor directly to the controller. So use motor driver circuit in between of DC motor and controller.

Here, we are using L293D motor driver IC to drive DC motors. Using this IC, we can drive 2 DC motors at a time. For this IC motor supply is variable 4.5 to 36V and it provides maximum current of 600mA. Just refer Here for the L293d Driver’s operation.

DC Motor Interfacing with PIC16F877A

Circuit Diagram

  • Input 1 – Port B.0 (RB0)
  • Input 2 – Port B.1 (RB1)
  • Enable 1 – Directly giving 5v
  • Button – Port B.2 (RB2)

circuit-diagram-dc-motor-interfacing-pic16f877a PIC16F877A - DC Motor Interfacing

Working Algorithm

Forward

  • EN Pin High  (En1 = 1 or En2 = 1)
  • Input 1 or Input 3 Pin High (In1 = 1 or In3=1)
  • Input 2 or Input 4 Pin Low (In2 = 0 or In4 = 0)

Reverse

  • EN Pin High  (En1 = 1 or En2 = 1)
  • Input 1 or Input 3 Pin Low (In1 = 0 or In3=0)
  • Input 2 or Input 4 Pin Low (In2 = 1 or In4 = 1)

Code

In this code motor will rotates in forward when we press the button. Here i’ve connected button’s one end into +5v. So in if function i’m checking with 1 if(sw==1). But if you connect that end into ground, you should check with 0 if(sw==0).

Output

dc-motor-interfacing-with-pic16f877a PIC16F877A - DC Motor Interfacing

Notes:

  • The maximum current capacity of L293 is 600mA/channel. So do not use a motor that consumes more than that.
  • The supply voltage range of L293 is between 4.5 and 36V DC. So you can use a motor falling in that range.
  • Mostly in Robotic application we will use DC gear Motor. So same logic is used for that Gear motor also.

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